and the Black Speech
word Uruk comes from the Black Speech and was used to describe
the great soldier Orcs of Mordor and Isengard at the end of the
Third Age of Middle-earth. The lesser orcs were called snaga or
'slave' in the Black Tongue. The Orcs were first bred by the Dark
Power of the North in the Elder days. It is said that
they had no language of their own, but took what they could of
other tongues and perverted it to their own liking; yet they made
only brutal jargons, scarcely sufficient even for their own needs,
unless it were for curses and abuse. The orcs
being filled with malice, hating even their own kind, quickly
developing as many barbarous dialects as their were groups and
settlements of their race, so that their tongue, the Orkish
Speech, was of little use to them in intercourse between tribes.
diversity and mutability of the Orkish tongues was of course an
obstacle for the Dark Lord using Orcs as his iron fist to subde
the West. So for the purpose of efficient administration, Sauron
took the time to devise the Black Speech for the purpose of controling
his servants and vast armies.
is said that the Black Speech was devised by
in the Dark Years, and that he had desired to make it the
language of all those that served him. Some say that he failed
in that purpose, but we disagree with that assessment. If Sauron
had regained the One Ring and been victorious in the War of the
Ring, then the Black Speech would have become the Common Tongue
of Middle-earth, much as the Westron or mannish
speech was at the time of the end of the Third Age. Sauron
was only just beginning to reassert his power in the world.
The assertion that he failed in his attempt to make the Black
Speech universal among his servants, comes from those outside
the Black Gate
of Mordor. Within the borders of the Land of Shadow, the Black
Speech was the chosen form of communication between the many
armies and minions of the Dark Lord.
the overthrow of Sauron in the Second Age, this language in it's
ancient form was forgotten by all but the Nazgûl.
When Sauron arose again, it became once more the language
and of the captains of Mordor. The Inscription on the Ring was
in the ancient Black Speech, while the curses of the Mordor-orc
in the Third Age was in the more debased form used by the soldiers
of the Dark Tower.
Black Speech flourished at the time of the fall of Mordor
and was used as the common tongue among the many tribes and clans
of Uruks that populated the Plain of Gorgoroth; from Udûn
Ungol to Barad-dûr.
Without the Black Speech, it would have been impossible
to have ordered the movements of such large forces in his war
against the West. Sauron above all others, understood the
value of order amid chaos, and so wanted to rule all of Middle-earth
under the iron fist of the orc, ruled by the will of the Dark
What happened to the Black Speech after the fall of Sauron?
In ever more debased forms, it may have lingered for a while among
some of his former subjects. It is said the The Black
Uruks of Barad-dûr still thrive in the Ash Mountains
amid the ruin of the Dark Tower and are like a Shadow of Fear
in that part of the world. Even today, it's not wholly dead, for
those who carry on the knowledge of the Black Speech of
Mordor, keep it alive and give homage to the Shadow of Middle-earth.